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Bollinger EMA TRADING SYSTEM WITH EXPLORATION for Amibroker (AFL)

Rating:
3 / 5 (Votes 7)
Tags:
trading system, amibroker, bands

This is bollinger EMA TRADING SYSTEM. Works well in 15 min real time system. This system is with exploration.

Screenshots

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Indicator / Formula

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_SECTION_BEGIN("Background_Setting");
SetChartBkGradientFill( ParamColor("BgTop", colorWhite),

ParamColor("BgBottom", colorAqua),ParamColor("titleblock",colorYellow )); 


_SECTION_BEGIN("SAM");
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------
// Both indicator and exploration code for combination of fibonacci
// retracements identified in "Fibonacci for the Active Trader" by Derrik
// Hobbes. Determines pivots, draws retracements, and explores for them.
//------------------------------------------------------------------------------

// **************************
// BEING EXPLORATION CODE
// **************************

// -- what will be our lookback range for the hh and ll?
nBars = Param("Number of bars", 20, 5, 40);
bTrace = Param("Include trace output", 1, 0, 1);
nNoPivsInSetup = Param("No. Pivs in Setup", 4, 3, 4, 1);
bShowTCZ = Param("Show TCZ", 1, 0, 1); 
nMinBarsBtwPivs = Param("Min. number of bars btw. pivots", 1, 1, 10, 1);
nMinPctBtwPivs = Param("Min. percent diff. btw. pivots", .05, .04, .2, .01);
bLastBarCanBePiv = Param("Last bar can be a pivot", 1, 0, 1); 
retrcTolerance = .01;
tczTolerance = .005;
nNumBarsToScan = 120;

// -- added from exploration version 20040204
nExploreBarIdx = 0;
nExploreDate = 0;
nCurDateNum = 0;
DN = DateNum();
DT = DateTime();

// -- key exploration variables
bTCZLong = False;
bTCZShort = False;
nAnchorPivIdx = 0;

ADX8 = ADX(8);

// 1 - INDICATOR, 2 - COMMENTARY, 3 - SCAN, 
// 4 - EXPLORATION, 5 - BACKTEST / Optimize 
if(Status("action")==1) {
bDraw = True;
bUseLastVis = Param("Use last visible bar", 1, 0, 1);
} else {
bDraw = False;
bUseLastVis = False;
bTrace = False;
nExploreDate = Status("rangetodate");
for (i=LastValue(BarIndex());i>=0;i--) {
nCurDateNum = DN[i];
if (nCurDateNum == nExploreDate) {
nExploreBarIdx = i;
}
}
// -- if(Status("action")==1...
}

GraphXSpace=7;

// -- basic candle chart
// -- if this appears inside if block, strange
// drawing results!
PlotOHLC(Open, High, Low, Close, 
"BIdx = " + BarIndex() + 
"\n" + "O = " + O + "\n"+"H = "+ H + "\n"+"L = " + L 
+ "\n"+"C ",
colorBlack, styleCandle); 

if (bDraw) {
Plot(MA(C, 15), "15 bar MA", colorRed, 
styleLine+styleNoRescale+styleNoLabel);
Plot(MA(C, 55), "55 bar MA", colorBlack, 
styleLine+styleNoRescale+styleNoLabel);
//Plot(MA(C, 233), "233 bar MA", colorDarkRed, 
//	styleLine+styleNoRescale+styleNoLabel);
}

// -- Create 0-initialized arrays the size of barcount
aHPivs = H - H;
aLPivs = L - L;
aHPivHighs = H - H;
aLPivLows = L - L;
aHPivIdxs = H - H;
aLPivIdxs = L - L;
aAddedHPivs = H - H;
aAddedLPivs = L - L;
aLegVol = H - H;
aRetrcVol = H - H;

nHPivs = 0;
nLPivs = 0;

lastHPIdx = 0;
lastLPIdx = 0;
lastHPH = 0;
lastLPL = 0;
curPivBarIdx = 0;

// -- looking back from the current bar, how many bars 
// back were the hhv and llv values of the previous 
// n bars, etc.?
aHHVBars = HHVBars(H, nBars);
aLLVBars = LLVBars(L, nBars);
aHHV = HHV(H, nBars);
aLLV = LLV(L, nBars);

// -- Initialize value of curTrend
nLastVisBar = LastValue(
Highest(IIf(Status("barvisible"), BarIndex(), 0)));

curBar = IIf(nlastVisBar > 0 AND bUseLastVis, nlastVisBar, 
IIf(Status("action")==4 AND nExploreBarIdx > 0, nExploreBarIdx,
LastValue(BarIndex())));

curTrend = "";
if (aLLVBars[curBar] < aHHVBars[curBar]) 
curTrend = "D";
else 
curTrend = "U";

// -- Loop through bars. Search for 
// entirely array-based approach
// in future version
/* *******************
Find main pivots
******************* */

// -- Make sure there are enough bars!
if (curBar >= nNumBarsToScan) {
for (i=0; i<nNumBarsToScan; i++) {

// -- value of curBar dependent on two parameters
curBar = IIf(nlastVisBar > 0 AND bUseLastVis, 
nlastVisBar-i, 
IIf(Status("action")==4 AND nExploreBarIdx > 0, 
nExploreBarIdx-i,
LastValue(BarIndex())-i));

// -- Have we identified a pivot? If trend is down...
if (aLLVBars[curBar] < aHHVBars[curBar]) {

// ... and had been up, this is a trend change
if (curTrend == "U") {
curTrend = "D";
// -- Capture pivot information
curPivBarIdx = curBar - aLLVBars[curBar];
aLPivs[curPivBarIdx] = 1;
aLPivLows[nLPivs] = L[curPivBarIdx];
aLPivIdxs[nLPivs] = curPivBarIdx;
nLPivs++;
}
// -- or current trend is up
} else {
if (curTrend == "D") {
curTrend = "U";
curPivBarIdx = curBar - aHHVBars[curBar];
aHPivs[curPivBarIdx] = 1;
aHPivHighs[nHPivs] = H[curPivBarIdx];
aHPivIdxs[nHPivs] = curPivBarIdx;
nHPivs++;
}
// -- If curTrend is up...else...
}	

// -- loop through bars
} 
}
/* *******************
Found main pivots
******************* */

/* *************************
Finding missed pivot(s)
************************* */

// -- Start at last bar. Reestablish curBar
curBar = 
IIf(nlastVisBar > 0 AND bUseLastVis, 
nlastVisBar, 
IIf(Status("action")==4 AND nExploreBarIdx > 0, 
nExploreBarIdx,
LastValue(BarIndex()))
);

// -- Make sure I found at least two of each above.
if (nHPivs >= 2 AND nLPivs >= 2) {

lastLPIdx = aLPivIdxs[0];
lastLPL = aLPivLows[0];

lastHPIdx = aHPivIdxs[0];
lastHPH = aHPivHighs[0];

nLastHOrLPivIdx = Max(lastLPIdx, lastHPIdx);

nAddPivsRng = curBar - nLastHOrLPivIdx;
aLLVAfterLastPiv = LLV(L, nAddPivsRng); 
nLLVAfterLastPiv = aLLVAfterLastPiv[curBar];
aLLVIdxAfterLastPiv = LLVBars(L, nAddPivsRng); 
nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv = curBar - aLLVIdxAfterLastPiv[curBar];
aHHVAfterLastPiv = HHV(H, nAddPivsRng); 
nHHVAfterLastPiv = aHHVAfterLastPiv[curBar];
aHHVIdxAfterLastPiv = HHVBars(H, nAddPivsRng); 
nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv = curBar - aHHVIdxAfterLastPiv[curBar];

// -- Later want to add last high pivot only if
// not in buy mode from last and still in trade

/*
Note - I'm only interested in adding pivots if I'm in 
a higher-highs or lower-lows scenario
*/


// -- OK, let's start where the last high pivot occurs after the
// last Low pivot
if (lastHPIdx > lastLPIdx) {

/*	There are at least two possibilities here. One is that
the previous high was higher, indicating that this is a 
possible short retracement or one in the making.
The other is that the previous high was lower, indicating 
that this is a possible long retracement in the working. 
However, both depend on opposing pivots. E.g., if I find 
higher highs, what if I have lower lows? 

If the highs are descending, then I can consider:
- a lower low, and leave it at that
- a higher high and higher low
- a lower low and another lower high
*/
if (aHPivHighs[0] < aHPivHighs[1]) {

if (nLLVAfterLastPiv < aLPivLows[0] AND 
(nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv - lastHPIdx - 1) >= nMinBarsBtwPivs
AND nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv != curBar	) {

// -- OK, we'll add this as a pivot. 
// Mark it for plotting...
aLPivs[nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;
aAddedLPivs[nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;

// ...and then rearrange elements in the 
// pivot information arrays
for (j=0; j<nLPivs; j++) {
aLPivLows[nLPivs-j] = aLPivLows[nLPivs-(j+1)];
aLPivIdxs[nLPivs-j] = aLPivIdxs[nLPivs-(j+1)];
}
aLPivLows[0] = nLLVAfterLastPiv;
aLPivIdxs[0] = nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv;
nLPivs++;

// -- Test whether to add piv given last piv is high 
// AND we have lower highs	
}

// -- Here, the last piv is a high piv, and we have 
// higher-highs. The most likely addition is a 
// Low piv that is a retracement.
} else {

if (nLLVAfterLastPiv > aLPivLows[0] AND 
(nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv - lastHPIdx - 1) >= nMinBarsBtwPivs
AND nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv != curBar	) {

// -- OK, we'll add this as a pivot. 
// Mark it for plotting...
aLPivs[nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;
aAddedLPivs[nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;

// ...and then rearrange elements in the 
// pivot information arrays
for (j=0; j<nLPivs; j++) {
aLPivLows[nLPivs-j] = aLPivLows[nLPivs-(j+1)];
aLPivIdxs[nLPivs-j] = aLPivIdxs[nLPivs-(j+1)];
}
aLPivLows[0] = nLLVAfterLastPiv;
aLPivIdxs[0] = nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv;
nLPivs++;

// -- Test whether to add piv given last piv is high 
// AND we have lower highs	
}	
// -- The last piv is a high and we have higher highs 
// OR lower highs
}

/* ************************************************** **************
Still finding missed pivot(s). Here, the last piv is a low piv.
************************************************** ************** */
} else {

// -- First case, lower highs
if (aHPivHighs[0] < aHPivHighs[1]) {

if (nHHVAfterLastPiv < aHPivHighs[0] AND 
(nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv - lastLPIdx - 1) >= nMinBarsBtwPivs
AND nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv != curBar	) {

// -- OK, we'll add this as a pivot. 
// Mark that for plotting
aHPivs[nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;
aAddedHPivs[nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;

// ...and then rearrange elements in the 
// pivot information arrays
for (j=0; j<nHPivs; j++) {
aHPivHighs[nHPivs-j] = aHPivHighs[nHPivs-(j+1)];
aHPivIdxs[nHPivs-j] = aHPivIdxs[nhPivs-(j+1)];
}
aHPivHighs[0] = nHHVAfterLastPiv;
aHPivIdxs[0] = nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv;
nHPivs++;

// -- Test whether to add piv given last piv is high 
// AND we have lower highs	
}

// -- Second case when last piv is a low piv, higher highs 
// Most likely addition is high piv that is a retracement.
// Considering adding a high piv as long as it is higher
} else {

// -- Where I have higher highs,
if (nHHVAfterLastPiv > aHPivHighs[0] AND 
(nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv - lastLPIdx - 1) >= nMinBarsBtwPivs
AND nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv != curBar	) {

// -- OK, we'll add this as a pivot. 
// Mark it for plotting...
aHPivs[nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;
aAddedHPivs[nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;

// ...and then rearrange elements in the 
// pivot information arrays
for (j=0; j<nHPivs; j++) {
aHPivHighs[nHPivs-j] = aHPivHighs[nHPivs-(j+1)];
aHPivIdxs[nHPivs-j] = aHPivIdxs[nhPivs-(j+1)];
}
aHPivHighs[0] = nHHVAfterLastPiv;
aHPivIdxs[0] = nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv;
nHPivs++;

// -- Test whether to add piv given last piv is high 
// AND we have lower highs	
}

}

} 

// -- If there are at least two of each
}

/* ****************************************
// -- Done with finding pivots
***************************************** */ 

if (bDraw) {

// -- OK, let's plot the pivots using arrows
PlotShapes(
IIf(aHPivs==1, shapeDownArrow, shapeNone), 
colorRed, 0, High, Offset=-15);
PlotShapes(
IIf(aAddedHPivs==1, shapeDownArrow, shapeNone),
colorDarkRed, 0, High, Offset=-15);
PlotShapes(
IIf(aLPivs==1, shapeUpArrow , shapeNone),	
colorGreen, 0, Low, Offset=-15);
PlotShapes(
IIf(aAddedLPivs==1, shapeUpArrow , shapeNone), 
colorDarkGreen, 0, Low, Offset=-15);
}

/* ****************************************
// -- Done with discovering and plotting pivots 
***************************************** */ 

// -- I'm going to want to look for possible retracement
risk = 0;
profInc = 0;
nLeg0Pts = 0;
nLeg0Bars = 0;
nLeg0Vol = 0;
nLeg1Pts = 0;
nLeg1Bars = 0;
nLeg1Vol = 0;
nLegBarsDiff = 0;
nRtrc0Pts = 0;
nRtrc0Bars = 0;
nRtrc0Vol = 0;
nRtrc1Pts = 0;
nRtrc1Bars = 0;
nRtrc1Vol = 0;

minRtrc = 0;
maxRtrc = 0;
minLine = 0;
maxLine = 0;
triggerLine = 0;
firstProfitLine = 0;
triggerInc = 0;
triggerPrc = 0;
firstProfitPrc = 0;
retrcPrc = 0;
retrcBar = 0;
retrcBarIdx = 0;
retrcRng = 0;
aRetrcPrc = H-H;
aRetrcPrcBars = H-H;
aRetrcClose = C;
retrcClose = 0;

// -- Do TCZ calcs. Arrangement of pivs very specific
// for this setup.
if (nHPivs >= 2 AND 
nLPivs >=2 AND 
aHPivHighs[0] > aHPivHighs[1] AND
aLPivLows[0] > aLPivLows[1]) {

tcz500 = 
(aHPivHighs[0] -
(.5 * (aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[1])));

tcz618 = 
(aHPivHighs[0] -
(.618 * (aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[1])));

tcz786 = 
(aHPivHighs[0] -
(.786 * (aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[0])));

retrcRng = curBar - aHPivIdxs[0];
aRetrcPrc = LLV(L, retrcRng);
retrcPrc = aRetrcPrc[curBar];
aRetrcPrcBars = LLVBars(L, retrcRng);
retrcBarIdx = curBar - aRetrcPrcBars[curBar];
retrcClose = aRetrcClose[retrcBarIdx];

// -- bTCZLong setup?
bTCZLong = (

// -- Are retracement levels arranged in
// tcz order?
tcz500 >= (tcz786 * (1 - tczTolerance))
AND 
// .681 is below .786 for long setups
tcz618 <= (tcz786 * (1 + tczTolerance))
AND

// -- Is the low in the tcz range
// -- Is the close >= low of tcz range
// and low <= high of tcz range
retrcClose >= ((1 - retrcTolerance) * tcz618)
AND
retrcPrc <= ((1 + retrcTolerance) * tcz500)
); 

// -- risk would be high of signal bar minus low of zone
//risk = 0;

// -- lower highs and lower lows
} else if (nHPivs >= 2 AND nLPivs >=2 
AND aHPivHighs[0] < aHPivHighs[1] 
AND aLPivLows[0] < aLPivLows[1]) {

tcz500 = 
(aHPivHighs[1] -
(.5 * (aHPivHighs[1] - aLPivLows[0])));

tcz618 = 
(aHPivHighs[0] -
(.618 * (aHPivHighs[1] - aLPivLows[0])));

tcz786 = 
(aHPivHighs[0] -
(.786 * (aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[0])));

retrcRng = curBar - aLPivIdxs[0];
aRetrcPrc = HHV(H, retrcRng);
retrcPrc = aRetrcPrc[curBar];
aRetrcPrcBars = HHVBars(H, retrcRng);
retrcBarIdx = curBar - aRetrcPrcBars[curBar];
retrcClose = aRetrcClose[retrcBarIdx];

bTCZShort = (
// -- Are retracement levels arranged in
// tcz order?

// .500 is below .786 for short setups
tcz500 <= (tcz786 * (1 + tczTolerance))
AND	
// .681 is above .786 for short setups
tcz618 >= (tcz786 * (1 - tczTolerance)) 
AND

// -- Is the close <= high of tcz range
// and high >= low of tcz range
retrcClose <= ((1 + retrcTolerance) * tcz618)
AND
retrcPrc >= ((1 - retrcTolerance) * tcz500)
); 

// -- Risk would be top of zone - low of signal bar 
//risk = 0;
}

Filter = (bTCZShort OR bTCZLong);
AddColumn(C, "Close");
AddColumn(IIf(bTCZLong, 76, 83), "L/S", formatChar);

// **************************
// END EXPLORATION CODE
// **************************

// **************************
// BEGIN INDICATOR CODE
// **************************

// -- what will be our lookback range for the hh and ll?
nBars = Param("Number of bars", 20, 5, 40);
bTrace = Param("Include trace output", 1, 0, 1);
nNoPivsInSetup = Param("No. Pivs in Setup", 4, 3, 4, 1);
bShowTCZ = Param("Show TCZ", 1, 0, 1); 
nMinBarsBtwPivs = Param("Min. number of bars btw. pivots", 1, 1, 10, 1);
nMinPctBtwPivs = Param("Min. percent diff. btw. pivots", .05, .04, .2, .01);
bLastBarCanBePiv = Param("Last bar can be a pivot", 1, 0, 1); 
retrcTolerance = .01;
tczTolerance = .005;
nNumBarsToScan = 120;

// -- added from exploration version 20040204
nExploreBarIdx = 0;
nExploreDate = 0;
nCurDateNum = 0;
DN = DateNum();
DT = DateTime();

// -- key exploration variables
bTCZLong = False;
bTCZShort = False;
nAnchorPivIdx = 0;

ADX8 = ADX(8);

// 1 - INDICATOR, 2 - COMMENTARY, 3 - SCAN, 
// 4 - EXPLORATION, 5 - BACKTEST / Optimize 
if(Status("action")==1) {
bDraw = True;
bUseLastVis = Param("Use last visible bar", 1, 0, 1);
} else {
bDraw = False;
bUseLastVis = False;
bTrace = False;
nExploreDate = Status("rangetodate");
for (i=LastValue(BarIndex());i>=0;i--) {
nCurDateNum = DN[i];
if (nCurDateNum == nExploreDate) {
nExploreBarIdx = i;
}
}
// -- if(Status("action")==1...
}

GraphXSpace=7;

// -- basic candle chart
// -- if this appears inside if block, strange
// drawing results!
PlotOHLC(Open, High, Low, Close, 
"BIdx = " + BarIndex() + 
"\n" + "O = " + O + "\n"+"H = "+ H + "\n"+"L = " + L 
+ "\n"+"C ",
colorBlack, styleCandle); 

if (bDraw) {
Plot(MA(C, 15), "15 bar MA", colorRed, 
styleLine+styleNoRescale+styleNoLabel);
Plot(MA(C, 55), "55 bar MA", colorBlack, 
styleLine+styleNoRescale+styleNoLabel);
//Plot(MA(C, 233), "233 bar MA", colorDarkRed, 
//	styleLine+styleNoRescale+styleNoLabel);
}

// -- Create 0-initialized arrays the size of barcount
aHPivs = H - H;
aLPivs = L - L;
aHPivHighs = H - H;
aLPivLows = L - L;
aHPivIdxs = H - H;
aLPivIdxs = L - L;
aAddedHPivs = H - H;
aAddedLPivs = L - L;
aLegVol = H - H;
aRetrcVol = H - H;

nHPivs = 0;
nLPivs = 0;

lastHPIdx = 0;
lastLPIdx = 0;
lastHPH = 0;
lastLPL = 0;
curPivBarIdx = 0;

// -- looking back from the current bar, how many bars 
// back were the hhv and llv values of the previous 
// n bars, etc.?
aHHVBars = HHVBars(H, nBars);
aLLVBars = LLVBars(L, nBars);
aHHV = HHV(H, nBars);
aLLV = LLV(L, nBars);

// -- Initialize value of curTrend
nLastVisBar = LastValue(
Highest(IIf(Status("barvisible"), BarIndex(), 0)));

curBar = IIf(nlastVisBar > 0 AND bUseLastVis, nlastVisBar, 
IIf(Status("action")==4 AND nExploreBarIdx > 0, nExploreBarIdx,
LastValue(BarIndex())));

curTrend = "";
if (aLLVBars[curBar] < aHHVBars[curBar]) 
curTrend = "D";
else 
curTrend = "U";

// -- Loop through bars. Search for 
// entirely array-based approach
// in future version
/* *******************
Find main pivots
******************* */

// -- Make sure there are enough bars!
if (curBar >= nNumBarsToScan) {
for (i=0; i<nNumBarsToScan; i++) {

// -- value of curBar dependent on two parameters
curBar = IIf(nlastVisBar > 0 AND bUseLastVis, 
nlastVisBar-i, 
IIf(Status("action")==4 AND nExploreBarIdx > 0, 
nExploreBarIdx-i,
LastValue(BarIndex())-i));

// -- Have we identified a pivot? If trend is down...
if (aLLVBars[curBar] < aHHVBars[curBar]) {

// ... and had been up, this is a trend change
if (curTrend == "U") {
curTrend = "D";
// -- Capture pivot information
curPivBarIdx = curBar - aLLVBars[curBar];
aLPivs[curPivBarIdx] = 1;
aLPivLows[nLPivs] = L[curPivBarIdx];
aLPivIdxs[nLPivs] = curPivBarIdx;
nLPivs++;
}
// -- or current trend is up
} else {
if (curTrend == "D") {
curTrend = "U";
curPivBarIdx = curBar - aHHVBars[curBar];
aHPivs[curPivBarIdx] = 1;
aHPivHighs[nHPivs] = H[curPivBarIdx];
aHPivIdxs[nHPivs] = curPivBarIdx;
nHPivs++;
}
// -- If curTrend is up...else...
}	

// -- loop through bars
} 
}
/* *******************
Found main pivots
******************* */

/* *************************
Finding missed pivot(s)
************************* */

// -- Start at last bar. Reestablish curBar
curBar = 
IIf(nlastVisBar > 0 AND bUseLastVis, 
nlastVisBar, 
IIf(Status("action")==4 AND nExploreBarIdx > 0, 
nExploreBarIdx,
LastValue(BarIndex()))
);

// -- Make sure I found at least two of each above.
if (nHPivs >= 2 AND nLPivs >= 2) {

lastLPIdx = aLPivIdxs[0];
lastLPL = aLPivLows[0];

lastHPIdx = aHPivIdxs[0];
lastHPH = aHPivHighs[0];

nLastHOrLPivIdx = Max(lastLPIdx, lastHPIdx);

nAddPivsRng = curBar - nLastHOrLPivIdx;
aLLVAfterLastPiv = LLV(L, nAddPivsRng); 
nLLVAfterLastPiv = aLLVAfterLastPiv[curBar];
aLLVIdxAfterLastPiv = LLVBars(L, nAddPivsRng); 
nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv = curBar - aLLVIdxAfterLastPiv[curBar];
aHHVAfterLastPiv = HHV(H, nAddPivsRng); 
nHHVAfterLastPiv = aHHVAfterLastPiv[curBar];
aHHVIdxAfterLastPiv = HHVBars(H, nAddPivsRng); 
nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv = curBar - aHHVIdxAfterLastPiv[curBar];

// -- Later want to add last high pivot only if
// not in buy mode from last and still in trade

/*
Note - I'm only interested in adding pivots if I'm in 
a higher-highs or lower-lows scenario
*/


// -- OK, let's start where the last high pivot occurs after the
// last Low pivot
if (lastHPIdx > lastLPIdx) {

/*	There are at least two possibilities here. One is that
the previous high was higher, indicating that this is a 
possible short retracement or one in the making.
The other is that the previous high was lower, indicating 
that this is a possible long retracement in the working. 
However, both depend on opposing pivots. E.g., if I find 
higher highs, what if I have lower lows? 

If the highs are descending, then I can consider:
- a lower low, and leave it at that
- a higher high and higher low
- a lower low and another lower high
*/
if (aHPivHighs[0] < aHPivHighs[1]) {

if (nLLVAfterLastPiv < aLPivLows[0] AND 
(nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv - lastHPIdx - 1) >= nMinBarsBtwPivs
AND nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv != curBar	) {

// -- OK, we'll add this as a pivot. 
// Mark it for plotting...
aLPivs[nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;
aAddedLPivs[nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;

// ...and then rearrange elements in the 
// pivot information arrays
for (j=0; j<nLPivs; j++) {
aLPivLows[nLPivs-j] = aLPivLows[nLPivs-(j+1)];
aLPivIdxs[nLPivs-j] = aLPivIdxs[nLPivs-(j+1)];
}
aLPivLows[0] = nLLVAfterLastPiv;
aLPivIdxs[0] = nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv;
nLPivs++;

// -- Test whether to add piv given last piv is high 
// AND we have lower highs	
}

// -- Here, the last piv is a high piv, and we have 
// higher-highs. The most likely addition is a 
// Low piv that is a retracement.
} else {

if (nLLVAfterLastPiv > aLPivLows[0] AND 
(nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv - lastHPIdx - 1) >= nMinBarsBtwPivs
AND nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv != curBar	) {

// -- OK, we'll add this as a pivot. 
// Mark it for plotting...
aLPivs[nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;
aAddedLPivs[nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;

// ...and then rearrange elements in the 
// pivot information arrays
for (j=0; j<nLPivs; j++) {
aLPivLows[nLPivs-j] = aLPivLows[nLPivs-(j+1)];
aLPivIdxs[nLPivs-j] = aLPivIdxs[nLPivs-(j+1)];
}
aLPivLows[0] = nLLVAfterLastPiv;
aLPivIdxs[0] = nLLVIdxAfterLastPiv;
nLPivs++;

// -- Test whether to add piv given last piv is high 
// AND we have lower highs	
}	
// -- The last piv is a high and we have higher highs 
// OR lower highs
}

/* ************************************************** **************
Still finding missed pivot(s). Here, the last piv is a low piv.
************************************************** ************** */
} else {

// -- First case, lower highs
if (aHPivHighs[0] < aHPivHighs[1]) {

if (nHHVAfterLastPiv < aHPivHighs[0] AND 
(nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv - lastLPIdx - 1) >= nMinBarsBtwPivs
AND nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv != curBar	) {

// -- OK, we'll add this as a pivot. 
// Mark that for plotting
aHPivs[nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;
aAddedHPivs[nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;

// ...and then rearrange elements in the 
// pivot information arrays
for (j=0; j<nHPivs; j++) {
aHPivHighs[nHPivs-j] = aHPivHighs[nHPivs-(j+1)];
aHPivIdxs[nHPivs-j] = aHPivIdxs[nhPivs-(j+1)];
}
aHPivHighs[0] = nHHVAfterLastPiv;
aHPivIdxs[0] = nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv;
nHPivs++;

// -- Test whether to add piv given last piv is high 
// AND we have lower highs	
}

// -- Second case when last piv is a low piv, higher highs 
// Most likely addition is high piv that is a retracement.
// Considering adding a high piv as long as it is higher
} else {

// -- Where I have higher highs,
if (nHHVAfterLastPiv > aHPivHighs[0] AND 
(nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv - lastLPIdx - 1) >= nMinBarsBtwPivs
AND nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv != curBar	) {

// -- OK, we'll add this as a pivot. 
// Mark it for plotting...
aHPivs[nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;
aAddedHPivs[nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv] = 1;

// ...and then rearrange elements in the 
// pivot information arrays
for (j=0; j<nHPivs; j++) {
aHPivHighs[nHPivs-j] = aHPivHighs[nHPivs-(j+1)];
aHPivIdxs[nHPivs-j] = aHPivIdxs[nhPivs-(j+1)];
}
aHPivHighs[0] = nHHVAfterLastPiv;
aHPivIdxs[0] = nHHVIdxAfterLastPiv;
nHPivs++;

// -- Test whether to add piv given last piv is high 
// AND we have lower highs	
}

}

} 

// -- If there are at least two of each
}

/* ****************************************
// -- Done with finding pivots
***************************************** */ 

if (bDraw) {

// -- OK, let's plot the pivots using arrows
PlotShapes(
IIf(aHPivs==1, shapeDownArrow, shapeNone), 
colorRed, 0, High, Offset=-15);
PlotShapes(
IIf(aAddedHPivs==1, shapeDownArrow, shapeNone),
colorDarkRed, 0, High, Offset=-15);
PlotShapes(
IIf(aLPivs==1, shapeUpArrow , shapeNone),	
colorGreen, 0, Low, Offset=-15);
PlotShapes(
IIf(aAddedLPivs==1, shapeUpArrow , shapeNone), 
colorDarkGreen, 0, Low, Offset=-15);
}

/* ****************************************
// -- Done with discovering and plotting pivots 
***************************************** */ 

// -- I'm going to want to look for possible retracement
risk = 0;
profInc = 0;
nLeg0Pts = 0;
nLeg0Bars = 0;
nLeg0Vol = 0;
nLeg1Pts = 0;
nLeg1Bars = 0;
nLeg1Vol = 0;
nLegBarsDiff = 0;
nRtrc0Pts = 0;
nRtrc0Bars = 0;
nRtrc0Vol = 0;
nRtrc1Pts = 0;
nRtrc1Bars = 0;
nRtrc1Vol = 0;

minRtrc = 0;
maxRtrc = 0;
minLine = 0;
maxLine = 0;
triggerLine = 0;
firstProfitLine = 0;
triggerInc = 0;
triggerPrc = 0;
firstProfitPrc = 0;
retrcPrc = 0;
retrcBar = 0;
retrcBarIdx = 0;
retrcRng = 0;
aRetrcPrc = H-H;
aRetrcPrcBars = H-H;
aRetrcClose = C;
retrcClose = 0;

// -- Do TCZ calcs. Arrangement of pivs very specific
// for this setup.
if (nHPivs >= 2 AND 
nLPivs >=2 AND 
aHPivHighs[0] > aHPivHighs[1] AND
aLPivLows[0] > aLPivLows[1]) {

tcz500 = 
(aHPivHighs[0] -
(.5 * (aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[1])));

tcz618 = 
(aHPivHighs[0] -
(.618 * (aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[1])));

tcz786 = 
(aHPivHighs[0] -
(.786 * (aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[0])));

retrcRng = curBar - aHPivIdxs[0];
aRetrcPrc = LLV(L, retrcRng);
aRetrcPrcBars = LLVBars(L, retrcRng);

retrcPrc = aRetrcPrc[curBar];
retrcBarIdx = curBar - aRetrcPrcBars[curBar];
retrcClose = aRetrcClose[retrcBarIdx];

// -- bTCZLong setup?
bTCZLong = (

// -- Are retracement levels arranged in
// tcz order?

// .500 is above .786 for long setups
tcz500 >= (tcz786 * (1 - tczTolerance))
AND 
// .681 is below .786 for long setups
tcz618 <= (tcz786 * (1 + tczTolerance))
AND

// -- Is the low in the tcz range
// -- Is the close >= low of tcz range
// and low <= high of tcz range
retrcClose >= ((1 - retrcTolerance) * tcz618)
AND
retrcPrc <= ((1 + retrcTolerance) * tcz500)
); 

// -- risk would be high of signal bar minus low of zone
//risk = 0;

// -- lower highs and lower lows
} else if (nHPivs >= 2 AND nLPivs >=2 
AND aHPivHighs[0] < aHPivHighs[1] 
AND aLPivLows[0] < aLPivLows[1]) {

tcz500 = 
(aHPivHighs[1] -
(.5 * (aHPivHighs[1] - aLPivLows[0])));

tcz618 = 
(aHPivHighs[0] -
(.618 * (aHPivHighs[1] - aLPivLows[0])));

tcz786 = 
(aHPivHighs[0] -
(.786 * (aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[0])));

retrcRng = curBar - aLPivIdxs[0];
aRetrcPrc = HHV(H, retrcRng);
retrcPrc = aRetrcPrc[curBar];
aRetrcPrcBars = HHVBars(H, retrcRng);
retrcBarIdx = curBar - aRetrcPrcBars[curBar];
retrcClose = aRetrcClose[retrcBarIdx];

bTCZShort = (
// -- Are retracement levels arranged in
// tcz order?

// .500 is below .786 for short setups
tcz500 <= (tcz786 * (1 + tczTolerance))
AND	
// .681 is above .786 for short setups
tcz618 >= (tcz786 * (1 - tczTolerance)) 
AND

// -- Is the close <= high of tcz range
// and high >= low of tcz range
retrcClose <= ((1 + retrcTolerance) * tcz618)
AND
retrcPrc >= ((1 - retrcTolerance) * tcz500)
); 

// -- Risk would be top of zone - low of signal bar 
//risk = 0;
}

// -- Show zone if present
if (bTCZShort OR bTCZLong) { 

// -- Be prepared to see symmetry
if (bTCZShort) {
if (aLPivIdxs[0] > aHPivIdxs[0]) {	
// -- Valuable, useful symmetry information 
nRtrc0Pts = aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[1];
nRtrc0Bars = aHPivIdxs[0] - aLPivIdxs[1] + 1;
nRtrc1Pts = retrcPrc - aLPivLows[0];
nRtrc1Bars = retrcBarIdx - aLPivIdxs[0] + 1;
} else {
nRtrc0Pts = aHPivHighs[1] - aLPivLows[1];
nRtrc0Bars = aHPivIdxs[1] - aLPivIdxs[1] + 1;
nRtrc1Pts = aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[0];
nRtrc1Bars = aHPivIdxs[0] - aLPivIdxs[0] + 1;
}
} else { // bLongSetup
if (aLPivIdxs[0] > aHPivIdxs[0]) {	
nRtrc0Pts = aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[1];
nRtrc0Bars = aHPivIdxs[0] - aLPivIdxs[1] + 1;
nRtrc1Pts = retrcPrc - aLPivLows[0];
nRtrc1Bars = retrcBarIdx - aLPivIdxs[0] + 1;
} else {
nRtrc0Pts = aHPivHighs[1] - aLPivLows[0];
nRtrc0Bars = aLPivIdxs[0] - aHPivIdxs[1] + 1;
nRtrc1Pts = aHPivHighs[0] - aLPivLows[0];
nRtrc1Bars = aLPivIdxs[0] - aHPivIdxs[0] + 1;
}
}

if (bShowTCZ) {
Plot(
LineArray(	IIf(bTCZLong, aHPivIdxs[0], aLPivIdxs[0]),
tcz500, curBar, tcz500 , 0), 
"tcz500", colorPaleBlue, styleLine);
Plot(
LineArray(	IIf(bTCZLong, aHPivIdxs[0], aLPivIdxs[0]),
tcz618, curBar, tcz618, 0), 
"tcz618", colorPaleBlue, styleLine);
Plot(
LineArray(	IIf(bTCZLong, aHPivIdxs[0], aLPivIdxs[0]),
tcz786, curBar, tcz786, 0), 
"tcz786", colorTurquoise, styleLine);
}

// -- if (bShowTCZ)
}

if (bDraw) {
Title = Name() + " (" + StrLeft(FullName(), 10) + 
") ATR: " + NumToStr(ATR(1), 4.2) + " ( " + 
NumToStr((C - Ref(C, -1)), 4.2) + " / " +
NumToStr((((C - Ref(C, -1)) / Ref(C, -1)) * 100), 2.1) + "% ) " +
WriteVal( SelectedValue( DateTime() ), formatDateTime) +
" \nO: " + Open + 
", \nH: " + High + 
", \nL: " + Low + 
", \nC: " + Close + ", \n" +
//	"Risk: " + WriteVal(risk, 2.1) + "% \n" +
"Rtrc 0/1 Pts: " + WriteVal(nRtrc0Pts, 2.1) + "/" + 
WriteVal(nRtrc1Pts, 2.1) + " \n" +
"Rtrc 0/1 Bars: " + WriteVal(nRtrc0Bars, 2.0) + "/" +
WriteVal(nRtrc1Bars, 2.0);
}

// **************************
// END INDICATOR CODE
// **************************

_SECTION_END();

_SECTION_BEGIN("SAM");
P = ParamField("Price field",-1);
Periods = Param("Periods", 19, 2, 300, 1 );
Width = Param("Width", 2.1, 0, 10, 0.05 );
Color = ParamColor("Color", colorBlue );
Style = ParamStyle("Style", styleLine | styleNoLabel);

CenterLine = MA( P, Periods );
KTop = CenterLine + Width * ATR( Periods );
KBot = CenterLine - Width * ATR( Periods );

Plot( KTop, "KBTop" + _PARAM_VALUES(), Color, Style ); 
Plot( KBot, "KBBot" + _PARAM_VALUES(), Color, Style ); 
_SECTION_END();

11 comments

1. mrnakar@gmail.com

Looking in Future

2. sateshchand

repainting signals not much use

3. kv_maligi

If looking into future/repainting signals, it creates lots of fear while trading. Avoid this.

Initially when i saw the chart & code, i thought its Holygrail. Anyway, thanks for author

Viswanath

4. viet

I think this is a great system. Once we create buy and sell signals for this system, its usefulness will be greatly enhanced. Many thanks for such great work and great post!

5. mrnakar@gmail.com

actually its gr8 system if we understand this system parfactly
system based on Support & Resistance level on UPPER or Lower Bollinger Band
thats whay its Repainting ……………

one can keep Watching it for one week to understand it

thanks ……………

6. nepolien

so verry good forfamans

7. rajasirarul

sir congrats. very fine system. Will u pls explain the two line between bands. it will be useful for exit. I am using 5min time frame and its working fine.
keep it up.

8. swaroop

good….
what is the use of ‘ledline?’
what indicates it is?

9. inkfish123456

Hi, do you have this for metatrader 4?

10. amitrandive

Keeps repainting signals
Also in real time gives signals after 10 bars , which is of no use.
Kindly modify to change the afl. Also it should not keep repainting signals.

11. acedubai

When i move the cursor on the chart, the info panel of amibroker keeps on flickering. Please let me know how to rectify this.

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